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The Hidden Value of IPv4 Addresses and How to Take Advantage of Rising IPv4 Address Value

Everything You Need to Know About IPv4 vs. IPv6

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The Hidden Value of IPv4 Addresses

All devices that connect to the internet need unique addresses. The number of IP addresses is limited, creating a demand for addresses worldwide, particularly from the cloud computing industry. This demand has raised the value of IPv4 to levels that the internet's original developers didn't predict, in part because the internet was considered an experiment at the time. Of course, use - and so demand -- has exceeded anyone's realistic expectations. more

IP Address Blocking

A network can fence its own IP addresses or block specific external ones from access. Administrators frequently block access to their own IP addresses to bar unwanted access to content. Individual IPs or blocks of IPs may also be blocked due to unwanted or malicious behavior. IP address blocking prevents a specific IP address or group of IP addresses from connecting with a server, computer, or application. more

CIDR in Networking: Improved IP Routing Efficiency

CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing) is a routing system in which network engineers can distribute IP addresses based on the size of their specific network. This is more efficient than the previous system, which assigned IP addresses depending on whether the size of a network fits into one of only three sizes: Class A, Class B, and Class C. more

Implications of DoD IPv6 Mandate on IPv4 Market

Recent Department of Defense IPv4 activity and announcements about IPv6 indicate a shift in their perspective and suggest potential impacts on the IPv4 address market. The shift could include the release of up to 175 million IPv4 addresses in the coming years, creating a risk of a glut in the market. For perspective, the market has transferred 380 million addresses over eleven years. more

Sanctions & The Regulation of IP Transfers

The early stages of internet development operated in a culture of independence from outside influence. In fact, as though to commemorate the spirit of the times, in 1996, John Perry Barlow wrote "A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace." In it, he told governments they "have no sovereignty where we gather." He went on to state, "Ours is a world that is both everywhere and nowhere, but it is not where bodies live." more

Minding Your IP Address Reputation

Network operators rely on guidance from IP address experts because not all IP addresses used on the Internet are the same. The "reputation" of email senders is especially important because some are malicious users of the system. But identifying "senders" based on their email addresses or the individual IP address of a user presents issues that are unnecessarily complex. more

The IPv4 Market in 2021

Price was the story of the 2021 IPv4 market. Large and small organizations alike continue to invest in their IPv4 infrastructure causing demand for IPv4 address space to intensify. Meanwhile, supply remains constrained. These market factors drove prices up at a historic rate in 2021. more

Another Year of the Transition to IPv6

I bet that nobody believed in 1992 that thirty years later, we'd still be discussing the state of the transition to IPv6! In 1992 we were discussing what to do about the forthcoming address crunch in IPv4, and having come to terms with the inevitable prospect that the silicon industry was going to outpace the capacity of the IPv4 address pool in a couple of years, we needed to do something quickly more

The Changing Role of IP Addresses in the Architectural Evolution of the Internet

I work at APNIC, the Regional Internet Registry that serves the Asia Pacific Region. APNIC provides common infrastructure services for the region that support the unique assignment of IP address blocks to Internet network operators within our region through the operation of an address registry. In short, IP addresses are what we do. So, when there are discussions in technology circles about evolving the Internet's address model in varying ways,... more

The Formation of IPv4 Address Markets

Something odd happened through 2021 in the market for IPv4 addresses. Across 2021 the reported market price for the transfer of IPv4 addresses has doubled, from approximately USD $27 per IPv4 individual address at the end of 2020 to around USD $55 per address in December 2021. It has taken seven years for the market price to rise from just under USD $10 to get to USD $20 per address. The next year, 2020, saw the price rise a further USD $7 per address, and then in the next 12 months, the market price doubled. more

Notes from NANOG 83

The network operations community is cautiously heading back into a mode of in-person meetings, and the NANOG meeting at the start of November was a hybrid affair with a mix of in-person and virtual participation, both by the presenters and the attendees. I was one of the virtual mob, and these are my notes from the presentations I found to be of personal interest. I hope you might also find them to be of interest as well... The year 2021 has not been a good year for Internet outages. more

The Irrationality of Deploying IPv6

For the past few decades, there's been a relatively straightforward narrative on the economics behind the IPv6 transition that goes something like this: sooner or later, IPv4 scarcity will drive costs up until they exceed those of deploying IPv6. A competitive market will then make the rational choice and transition to a more efficient mode of production and deploy IPv6. This is textbook economics, and - with the disclaimer that I'm not a trained economist - it appears to be incorrect. more

An IPv6 Update for 2020

The Australian Domain Name Administration, AUDA, recently published its quarterly report for the last quarter of 2020. The report contained the interesting snippet: "The rapid digitization of our lives and economy -- necessitated by COVID-19 -- continued to underpin strong growth in .au registrations. New .au domains created in December 2020 were up 23 percent from December 2019, while total domains under management were up more than 2.1 percent over the same period." more

A Look Back at the World of IP Addressing in 2020: What Changed and What It Means

Time for another annual roundup from the world of IP addresses. Let's see what has changed in the past 12 months in addressing the Internet and look at how IP address allocation information can inform us of the changing nature of the network itself. Back around 1992, the IETF gazed into their crystal ball and tried to understand how the Internet was going to evolve and what demands would be placed on the addressing system as part of the "IP Next Generation" study.  more

Are Big Tech CFOs (Inadvertently) Stealing From Shareholders?

When valuing a stock, analysts and shareholders evaluate always revenue and profit. Big tech COFs are sitting on assets worth tens of millions of dollars of annual profit (not just revenue, but true profit) in the form of unallocated IPv4 addresses. By not selling or leasing these out, they are incurring expenses to hold them and missing out on tremendous profits. At a 20X multiple (for context, Cisco is trading at nearly 18X earnings, Google at just over 33X earnings, Shopify at well over 700X earnings), big tech CFOs are actively preventing over $250 billion in market capitalization for their shareholders. more

News Briefs

Pentagon Gave Control of 175M Dormant IP Addresses to Florida Company Right Before Trump’s Departure

We Have Now Run Out of IPv4 Addresses, Says RIPE NCC

Close to 735K Fraudulently Obtained IP Addresses Have Been Uncovered and Revoked, ARIN Reveals

Researchers Develop Tools to Help Map the IPv6 Address Landscape

Easy Access to ICANN, IP Address Data Beats Info on Encrypted Data, Says Telstra Cybersecurity Head

Microsoft Cancels Plans to Move Its Internal Wireless Network to IPv6-Only

Moving to IPv6 Is Becoming a Matter of Business Continuity, Says NASA Transition Manager

Russia Wipes Out Over 17 Million IP Addresses In Efforts to Block Telegram

APNIC Labs Partners with Cloudflare for Joint DNS Research Project

Close to 20% VPN Providers Reported Leaking Customer IP Addresses via WebRTC Bug

Researchers Find One-Third of IPv4 Address Space Under Some Type of DoS Attack

RIPE NCC to Hold Sixth IPv6 Focused Hackathon

Verizon to Stop Issuing New Public IPv4 Addresses

European Court Declares Dynamic IP Addresses are Subject to Privacy Protection Rules

IP Address Information Misused by Authorities Says EFF, Not Enough to Justify Police Raids

North American Saw Complete Exhaustion of IPv4 Address Space Inventory in Q3, 2015

Global Re-Distribution of IPv4 Addresses Requires Greater Trading Transparency and Security

ARIN Issues Final IPv4 Addresses in Its Free Pool

A Look Inside the Emerging Private IPv4 Market

IPv4 Market Heats Up While Supply Dwindles

Most Viewed

Most Commented

IPv6: Extinction, Evolution or Revolution?

Whither DNS?

DNSSEC: Once More, With Feeling!

Comments on an IP Address Trading Market

Removing Need at RIPE

IPv4.Global Updates – Sponsor

Recent IPv4 Pricing Trends – May 2022

Pricing of IPv4 addresses over the last few months has taken an interesting turn. In recent years, the price per address for small blocks (/17 and smaller) has been greater than the price per address of large blocks (/16 and larger). more

Hilco Streambank’s IPv4.GLOBAL Awarded a Competitively Solicited Contract with E&I Cooperative Services for IPv4 Address Sales and Acquisition

New Agreement makes IPv4.GLOBAL's auctions, private sales and leasing services available to E&I members in higher education, K-12, and healthcare teaching institutions across the U.S. more

Everything You Need to Know About IPv4 vs. IPv6

The "IP" in IPv4 and IPv6 stands for Internet Protocol, which is a set of rules that determine how devices transmit data packets across the Internet. Internet Protocol also assigns a unique address to each device on the web. These addresses ensure data packets are routed to the correct device. more

The Benefits and Risks of Leasing IPv4 Space

With address prices rising, the reasons you may want to become a lessor are clear: extended predictable revenue. Leasing creates an opportunity to monetize IP addresses and sell an IP block for a higher price in the future versus in the current market -- it allows the lessor to keep the IPv4 block in case of future need. more

IP Blacklist and Blacklist Removal

Everyone hates spam. Even worse is malware - something that infects your computer and sends spam out to you and others or tries to hack into systems. In response to these problems, many people began to maintain lists recording who generates spam and malware. more

Industry Updates

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