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Remembering the Cybersecurity Treaty That Never Happened

The cybercrime legal community from around the globe is meeting under the aegis of the Council of Europe (COE) to hold the annual Cooperation against Cybercrime conference dubbed Octopus 2021. It is also celebrating the 20th anniversary of the Cybercrime Convention treaty signed in November 2001 in Budapest. Not celebrated and little known, however, is the Stanford Draft -- A Proposal for an International Convention on Cyber Crime and Terrorism -- and the initiative begun in 1997 which brought about that draft treaty instrument. more

Registrar Influence on the Domain Security Posture of the Forbes Global 2000

In the 2021 Domain Security Report, we analyzed the trend of domain security adoption with respect to the type of domain registrar used, and found that 57% of Global 2000 organizations use consumer-grade registrars with limited protection against domain and DNS hijacking, distributed denial of service (DDoS), man-in-the-middle attacks (MitM), or DNS cache poisoning. On average, the adoption of domain security controls is two times higher for enterprise-class registrars than for those using consumer-grade registrars. more

A Three-Step Process to Chase Compulsive Domain Brand Squatters

Domain brand squatting can be defined as the unauthorized or dishonest use of a brand or company identifiers in domain names. It is often linked to the use of look-alike domains in bad faith, and we see it all the time. The threat actors behind these domains are called different names, though a prevalent one would be “typosquatters.” The Hot on the Trail of Compulsive Brand Squatters webinar showcased how these people are infiltrating the Internet. The first page of PhishTank’s valid phish search alone as of this writing tells us that domain brand squatting is a real and present danger. more

Cryptocurrency and DNS: Phishing Domains, Cryptomining and More

When we look at the intersection of cryptocurrency and domain data, we see something insidious: The prevalence of crypto-related threats. And it's not just cryptojacking. It's not even the use of cryptocurrency which has made ransomware attacks easier for threat actors to commit and all the more widespread. As with nearly every trend, there is always someone looking to capitalize on it and use it for their own, personal gain. Ever since cryptocurrency became the pandemic hobby of choice, threat actors have begun to target crypto novices for their schemes. more

Why Is the Client-Side Scanning a Concern for Encryption?

As today is the Global Encryption Day, I decided to make my first post here on this topic. About two months ago, Apple caused a controversy by announcing the adoption of a measure to combat the spread of Child Sexual Abuse Materials (CSAM). The controversy was so huge that, a month after its announcement, Apple decided to postpone its plans for the new features to have more time to gather information from the various stakeholders and implement improvements before releasing the measures originally announced. more

Want to Help Guide the Future of the MANRS Routing Security Initiative?

Would you like to help guide the future of the Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security (MANRS) initiative? As the MANRS community continues to develop new efforts to make the routing layer of the Internet more secure (ex. the equipment vendor program), would you like to help lead the work? The MANRS community is seeking volunteers for its new Steering Committee. The committee will lead the community as it evolves its governance model.  more

Why Domain Security Is Your First Line of Defense to Mitigate Phishing Attacks

According to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), most cyberattacks, including ransomware and business email compromise, begin with phishing. Although losses due to ransomware now exceed billions annually, most ransomware protection and response measures don't protect against the most common phishing attacks. Established research shows that phishing attacks most commonly occur from a maliciously registered, confusingly similar domain name, a compromised or hijacked legitimate domain name, or via email header spoofing. more

Endpoint Rollbacks & Data Shadow Copies

Recently I was asked by a customer how they can easily set up rollback capabilities on the endpoints in their corporate network. They had seen the marketing hype by various security technology providers that their products included rollback capabilities they could utilize if/when one of their workstations or servers was infected by malware. Having gotten this question more than once, I thought it would be a good subject to share with a broader audience. more

Key Findings from the 2021 Domain Security Report

With cybercrime on the rise, companies in 2021 have experienced increased ransomware attacks, business email compromise (BEC), phishing attacks, supply chain attacks, and online brand and trademark abuse. While domain cyber risk is rising, the level of action being taken by Forbes Global 2000 companies to improve their domain security posture has remained unchanged, leaving these companies exposed to even more risk. The risk of not addressing your domain security can be catastrophic. more

Cryptographic Catastrophe Theory

Technologists and law enforcement have been arguing about cryptography policy for about 30 years now. People talk past each other, with each side concluding the other side are unreasonable jerks because of some fundamental incompatible assumptions between two conceptual worlds in collision. In the physical world, bank branches have marble columns and granite counters and mahogany woodwork to show the world that they are rich and stable. more

DNS Abuse Definition: Attributes of Mitigation

A substantial amount of DNS community discussion on the topic of DNS Abuse is focused on defining what is or is not DNS Abuse. The definition adopted by ICANN contracted parties, as well as the DNS Abuse Institute, is straightforward: DNS Abuse is malware, botnets, pharming, phishing, and spam where it's a vehicle for the preceding harms. There is, of course, some fuzziness on the margins, where technical harms are also using content. more

Euro 2020 Part Three: Domains (Revisited) and Other Channels

In this final article in the series of studies looking at Euro 2020-related infringements, we revisit domain name infringements and consider activity across other online channels, with a focus on social media and mobile apps. Following the original study, which looked at domains registered before May 2020 with names containing "euro2020" or "euro2021," we analyzed daily activity levels in the period immediately preceding and during the competition. more

It’s Time to Rethink Outage Reports

Much has been said about the criticality of the small coterie of large-scale content distribution platforms and their critical role in today's Internet. These days when one of the small set of core content platforms experiences a service outage, then it's mainstream news, as we saw in June of this year with outages reported in both Fastly and Akamai. In the case of Akamai, the June outage impacted three of Australia's largest banks, their national postal service, the country's reserve bank, and one airline... more

Euro 2020 Part Two: eCommerce Marketplace Activity

Following our previous article on the Euro 2020 football tournament that looked retrospectively at domain name registrations relating to the competition, this article considers activity on eCommerce marketplaces. For this study, our Discovery Engine technology was used to conduct a regular series of scans across key international online marketplaces. We monitored for listings (offers of sale) relating to Euro 2020 clothing and merchandise. more

The Importance of Understanding Attacker Target Selection

There's a bit of a debate going on about whether the Kaseya attack exploited a 0-day vulnerability. While that's an interesting question when discussing, say, patch management strategies, I think it's less important to understand attackers' thinking than understand their target selection. In a nutshell, the attackers have outmaneuvered defenders for almost 30 years when it comes to target selection. more

News Briefs

InternetNZ Has Disclosed a Vulnerability That Can Be Weaponized Against Authoritative DNS Servers

PIR Launches New Institute to Combat DNS Abuse

DNSSEC Now Deployed in all Generic Top-Level Domains, Says ICANN

Backlash Over Potential Firing of U.S. Election Cybersecurity’s Top Official

New Data Reveals Phishing Attacks Are Bigger Than Reported, Exact Size of Problem Unknown

CENTR Has Released an Animated Video on ccTLDs and Their Technical Role Concerning Content

Trust Has Eroded Within the Cybercriminal Underground Causing a Switch to Ecommerce Platforms

Google Reports 18 Million Daily COVID-19 Related Malware, Phishing Emails Per Day

Zoom Faces Class-Action Lawsuit, Accused of Overstating Its Privacy Standards

Over 360 Security Experts Around the World From Group to Combat COVID-19 Hackers, Protect Hospitals

Firefox Starts the Roll Out of DNS Over HTTPS (DoH) by Default for US-Based Users

Israel’s Entire Voter Registry Exposed, the Massive Data Leak Involves 6.5 Million Voters

Highly Sensitive Domain Corp.com Up for Sale by Original Owner, Calls It a ‘Chemical Waste Dump’

Microsoft Takes Legal Action Against North Korean Cybercrime Group, Takes Down 50 Domains

U.N. Approves Resolution to Combat Cybercrime Despite Opposition From E.U., the U.S. and Others

Microsoft Announces Plans to Adopt DoH in Windows

Cybersecurity Workforce Needs to Grow 145% to Close Skills Gap Worldwide, Says New Study

Leading Domain Registries and Registrars Release Joint Document on Addressing ‘DNS Abuse’

EU Member States Release Report on Coordinated Risk Assessment on Cybersecurity in 5G Networks

More Than 500 Schools in the U.S. Hit by Ransomware in 2019, Says Report

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Taking Back the DNS

Fake Bank Site, Fake Registrar

When Registrars Look the Other Way, Drug-Dealers Get Paid

Who Is Blocking WHOIS? Part 2

ICANN Complaint System Easily Gamed

Verisign Updates – Sponsor

Industry Insights: Verisign, ICANN and Industry Partners Collaborate to Combat Botnets

Addressing DNS abuse and maintaining a healthy DNS ecosystem are important components of Verisign's commitment to being a responsible steward of the internet. We continuously engage with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and other industry partners to help ensure the secure, stable and resilient operation of the DNS. more

Q2 2018 DDoS Trends Report: 52 Percent of Attacks Employed Multiple Attack Types

Verisign just released its Q2 2018 DDoS Trends Report, which represents a unique view into the attack trends unfolding online, through observations and insights derived from distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack mitigations enacted on behalf of customers of Verisign DDoS Protection Services. more

Operational Update Regarding the KSK Rollover for Administrators of Recursive Name Servers

Currently scheduled for October 11, 2018, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) plans to change the cryptographic key that helps to secure the internet's Domain Name System (DNS) by performing a Root Zone Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) key signing key (KSK) rollover. more

Q1 2018 DDoS Trends Report: 58 Percent of Attacks Employed Multiple Attack Types

Verisign has released its Q1 2018 DDoS Trends Report, which represents a unique view into the attack trends unfolding online, through observations and insights derived from distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack mitigations enacted on behalf of Verisign DDoS Protection Services, and security research conducted by Verisign Security Services. more

DNS-Based Threats: Cache Poisoning

As DNS attacks grow in frequency and impact, organizations can no longer afford to overlook DNS security as part of their overall defense-in-depth strategy. As with IT security in general, no single tactic can address the entire DNS threat landscape or secure the complete DNS ecosystem. more

Q4 2017 DDoS Trends Report: Financial Sector Experienced 40 Percent of Attacks

Verisign has released its Q4 2017 DDoS Trends Report, which represents a unique view into the attack trends unfolding online, through observations and insights derived from distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack mitigations enacted on behalf of Verisign DDoS Protection Services and security research conducted by Verisign Security Services. more

DNS-Based Threats: DNS Reflection and Amplification Attacks

Cybercriminals recognize the value of DNS availability and look for ways to compromise DNS uptime and the DNS servers that support it. As such, DNS becomes an important point of security enforcement and a potential point in the Cyber Kill Chain for many cyber-attacks. more

Industry Updates

Insurance Companies Are The Target of Recent Cybersquatting Campaigns

Shopping Online for Toys Safely: Protecting Consumers in the Holiday Season

Are Cybersquatting Campaigns Targeting Airlines Taking Off?

Cybersecurity During the Busiest Shopping Days of the Year

GoDaddy Registry Podcast, Episode 6 – The Importance of the Next Round of TLD Applications for Brand Owners

DNS Record Contents: Are Organizations Giving Away More Than They Should?

As Global Internet Demands Skyrocket, Expert Share Advice on How to Optimize IT Infrastructure to Meet Modern-Day Challenges

With Rising Number of Cyberattacks, Businesses Have to Know How to Handle IP Address Abuse

Exposing an Active Kaseya Ransomware Attack Infrastructure

Exposing Rogue Free VPN Users – An OSINT Analysis

Root Certification Expiration: Is Your Business Continuity in Jeopardy?

Majority of World’s Largest Companies Susceptible to Phishing and Brand Abuse Due to Improper Domain Security

Upcoming Hollywood Movie Releases and Domain Registration Trends, Is There a Connection?

An Analysis of the Gaming Industry’s Domain Attack Surface

Phorpiex Botnet Extortion: DNS Facts and Findings

Participants – Random Selection